In no part of the world has society been able to eradicate discrimination against women, but Egypt has largely failed to even make attempts to create gender equality.
The gruesome reality women face in Egypt, however, doesn't stop within their own homes.
Prostitution in Egypt is a good indicator of wealth inequality.
Another spell, targeted at a male, uses a series of magical words to "subject" him, forcing him to do whatever the caster wants.
The two spells were not targeted at a specific person.
A flurry of Arabic went back and forth between Ahmed and two other men before the story was eventually explained to me.
Ahmed had been dating a girl from rural Egypt who came to Cairo after the revolution to earn money to send to her family. And he quickly made it clear she floundered at the job: she was unable to demand payment and allowed men to do whatever they liked. Even worse, the girl had disappeared and Ahmed hadn't heard from her in months, until that morning on Facebook.